Journal Policies

Ethics and Malpractice Statement

The publication ethics and publication malpractice statement of Acta Microbiologica Bulgarica is based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines (

1. Content

Acta Microbiologica Bulgarica publishes editorials, original research works, research reports, short communications, reviews, letters to the editor, historical notes, etc. which significantly contribute to the scientific knowledge.

By submitting a paper in AMB, authors confirm that they submit only original work which has not been published or is not under review elsewhere. An original research work/report/short communication should contain all details needed to permit others to replicate the work. All use of others’ work and/or words should be properly cited. “Opinion” works should be clearly stated as such.

Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are considered as unethical behaviour and are not acceptable.

2. Manuscript assessment

The submitted articles are initially reviewed by the Editors who accept them for further evaluation or reject them for either of the following reasons:

The papers which are found as appropriate for the journal undergo a double-blind peer review. The review of a paper should be based only on originality of work, its scientific contribution and significance without regard to race, ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy.

Reviewers should state their assessment clearly with supporting arguments. The authors will be given the opportunity to respond to the reviewers’ comments, revise and/or re-submit their manuscript to the journal when necessary. Personal criticism is not acceptable.

The final decision on publication or rejection of a manuscript is taken by the Editors based on the reviewers’ evaluation, paper’s significance and its relevance to the journal, language quality.

3. Human and animal rights and informed consent

All research reporting clinical trials or in vivo experiments, involving humans, human material or animals, should have been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with the relevant guidelines and regulations.

Human rights. Authors will be required to submit an ethics statement that the studies have been approved by the appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and follow the ethical standards laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki ( The statement should include that clinical trials have been registered as legislation requires. Authors should also confirm that informed consent was obtained from all patients and study participants. Please, follow the ICMJE requirements ( on privacy and informed consent from patients and study participants. As a rule, reported data should be anonymous and AMB will not publish papers including any information allowing full or partial identification of the patients and participants. In case of specific photographs, essential for the study, a written consent for publication should be provided.

Animal rights. Welfare of the animals used for research should be respected. We follow the IAVE Guidelines ( for research involving animal studies. The research should follow the international, national and/or institutional guidelines for humane animal treatment and comply with the relevant legislation; it should has been approved by the ethics review committee at the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted, where such a committee exists; for studies using client-owned animals, informed client consent should be provided. Authors will be required to submit a declaration of compliance with animal welfare and ethical guidelines.

4. Confidentiality

All submitted papers are considered as confidential documents. Editors must not disclose any information about the submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, other editorial advisors and the publisher. By accepting an article for review, the reviewers declare that they will not disclose to any information in it. Editors, reviewers and advisors should not use privileged information or ideas in the submitted papers for personal advantage or own research except with the written consent of the authors.

5. Plagiarism and other ethical issues

All use of others’ work and/or words should be properly cited. The following cases are considered as plagiarism and/or other fraudulent practices, and are not acceptable:

Authors who have already published on the same topic are expected to include citation of these papers when relevant, but at the same time to avoid excessive and inappropriate self-citation. Copying or paraphrasing of large parts of own paper (text recycling) should generally be avoided.

Any suspicion of a fraudulent practice will be investigated by the editorial team. In case of detected plagiarism or other unethical publication behaviour, the following sanctions may apply (but will not be limited to):

In case a significant error or inaccuracy in a published paper in AMB is discovered, the Editor will ask the authors to correct the paper or provide evidence of the correctness of the original paper, otherwise they will retract it.

6. Conflicts of interest

The authors should declare any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that may have influenced the results or interpretation of results in their paper.

All sources of financial support should be disclosed.

7. Publishing policy

Publication in Acta Microbiologica Bulgarica is a subject to a charge of 100 Euro per article. By submitting an article, the authors declare that they will pay the publication fee if their paper is accepted for publication. Printing of colored images is a subject to an additional charge, calculated individually, however, authors may choose the images to be printed grayscale at no additional charge, while keeping the color online version of their article. The journal does not charge article processing fees.

The journal provides full online open access to the published articles. Printed (paper) versions can be purchased against a fee.

8. Copyright

AMB publishes under the CC-BY-NC license.

You are free to share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format under the following terms:

By publishing in this journal with the authors accept the following conditions:

Authors are encouraged to disseminate their work: they can freely distribute the doi/URL of their articles or the pdf files to their colleagues directly or through suitable researcher platforms (ResearchGate, Academia, etc).

9. Privacy statement

All names, affiliations and email addresses of the editors, authors, reviewers or advisors will be used exclusively for the purposes of the journal and will not be provided to other parties.